The greatest merit of the Russian physiology

In the millennial struggle materialism and idealism one of the key issues was the about the nature of mental life of man. Materialists believed it to be the result of activities of a certain bodily organ is the brain. Idealists were attached to her living in the body of the intangible, the elusive soul, sub deity. Of all the mysteries of nature, this mystery was the most difficult. By the end of last beginning of our century, when the position of the idealists have already stumbled on all fronts, perhaps, their last stronghold remained the "top floor" of our body, the human psyche. However, this citadel of idealists began to knock the writings of our great scientists, I. M. Sechenov and I. P. Pavlova. It is necessary to underline that in the face of these scientists domestic physiology made in the world of science is a truly revolutionary way.
In fact, the past century has given many names of prominent psychologists in Germany, France, Italy and other countries. Sechenov and Pavlov learnt a lot from their older colleagues from abroad. However, only the I. M. Sechenov in his famous book "the Reflexes of the brain", published in 1862, and in follow-up work, and then I. P. Pavlov in his well-known studies of conditioned reflexes swung at understanding the physiological bases of mental life. Classics of foreign physiology was also studied the brain, but concerns only how he manages different bodies, what is the interaction of nerve centers etc. Before mental processes, mechanisms of consciousness physiologists stopped, respectfully took his hat and departed. Clarification material fundamentals psyche - meet Russian science, and emphasizing the merits of Ivan Mikhailovich Sechenov and Pavlov rightly wrote: "Yes, I'm glad together with Ivan Mikhailovich regiment and my dear employees, we purchased for the mighty power physiological studies instead of half-heartedly whole animal organism. And it is entirely our Russian undeniable merit in the world physiology, a total of human thought".