Incendiary substances and combustible mixture

Termite - a mixture of aluminum powder (25%) and iron oxide (75%). The mixture is pressed with the addition of cementation - connecting substances (molten sulfur, drying oil, rosin, cement, liquid glass and so on). Termite has grey metallic color, resistant to mechanical stress, neogneopasen, as usual means of ignition (matches) does not light up. The ignition temperature of about 1200°, when burned, is developing a temperature of about 2,500-3,000 degrees. Simmer his small quantity of water is not water decomposes into oxygen and hydrogen to form explosive gas that blows up and throws a burning thermite. Burning termite covered with sand or fill a large volume of water. But in this case it is not always possible to extinguish it only prevents the spread of fire on the environment.
Electron - alloy silver-grey color consisting of magnesium (90%), ammonium (8%), iron, manganese, and zinc (1,5%). Temperature of ignition-630-635 degrees. Burns relatively calm, bright flame, while developing the temperature of more than 2500 degrees. Lit only in the presence of air (oxygen). Extinguish burning electron as a termite.
Magnesium - silver-white, very light metal in the air does not change as quickly covered with a thin protective layer of oxide. When heated easy lights up, forming magnesium oxide and a small amount of nitrite magnesium. Light burning magnesium very bright, contains a lot of UV rays. When burned, it develops a temperature of about 2000 degrees.
Phosphorus, white or yellow - hard wax-like substance with a weak smell of garlic. Melts at 44.1kHz degrees. Easily oxidized by oxygen in the air at a temperature of about 50 degrees ignites spontaneously. Lit white flame, developing the temperature 1000-1200 degrees. Burning phosphorus spreads, penetrating into all cracks. After contact with skin of animals causes severe burns, and absorbed through the skin, it may cause a General poisoning. Burning phosphorus stew by immersion, falling asleep damp earth or sand. The best means of fighting is 5-10%aqueous solution of copper sulphate, which is drying up, the forms on the surface of phosphorus metal film; you can use an aqueous solution of potassium permanganate and water solution or gruel of bleach.
Lately (the events in Korea, Vietnam, Algeria, Cuba) wide.) the application was received strong agneses called Napalm (Napalm).
Napalm get sagusa gasoline special powder-thickener, also called Napalm. Thickener is a powder pink or yellow-grey colour with a smell of low-quality soap and consists of a mixture of acids: naphthenic, oleic and coconut oil. For making Napalm mixture take 92-96% of gasoline and 4 - 8% powder-thickener. The ratio of thickener and gasoline depends on the viscosity of Ogneslav.
Ready Napalm mixture is a brownish-grey colour with a smell cresol neimovernaya mass. Having high viscosity, Napalm adheres well to the surface of objects, including to the skin of animals. Burning for a long time, developing a temperature of 600 to 800 degrees; this forms the thick cloud of acrid smoke with a high content of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide. When extinguishing water Napalm floats on its surface, continuing to burn.
Protected - the metallized agneses representing doughy sticky dark gray mass. The composition of the protected include: tonkoizmelchennyj magnesium metal, coal, petroleum distillates, weighted in densely gasoline. Burns more intense Napalm, developing temperatures of almost 1500 degrees. Extinguished by the same means and methods as burning phosphorus.
Combustible mixture represent solutions white (yellow) phosphorus in various combustible solvents or its alloys with sulphur, and other substances. On air, under the influence of oxygen mixture samoustraniajutsia and burn, spreading and developing the temperature of 800 degrees. Well stick to surfaces, and skin of animals, causing very severe burns.
The severity of burn disease and the difficulty of treatment required a detailed study all sides of this issue, involving different surgeons, therapists, hematologists, biochemists, pathophysiologists, Pato-morphologists and microbiologists.
Numerous works of Soviet researchers, based on the principles of unity of the body and nervism, allowed to reveal the basic mechanisms of development of this complex process. This was the basis in the development of rational methods of treatment, thermal injury, taking into account the importance and interdependence of local and systemic manifestations of the disease.
However, in modern veterinary literature this important issue given very little attention, and existing work cover only some of the clinical features, pathogenesis and treatment of burn injuries. Therefore applied in veterinary practice, many treatment methods are not consistent with the pathogenetic mechanisms of the disease and specific characteristics of the animals.
Until recently in the veterinary literature very poorly lit questions of veterinary-sanitary examination at slaughter the burnt animals: undefined time of slaughter and features a post-mortem examination, terms and peculiarities of ripening of the meat and its biological harmlessness.
All this prompted us to write this work, in which we tried, whenever possible, to present the clinic, pathogenesis, pathogenetic treatment and veterinary-sanitary expertise in thermal burns of agricultural animals.