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Health care in the USSR

The health care system of state and public measures on protection of health of the population. In the USSR and other socialist States care about the health of the population is a national task, in exercising the participation of all levels of the state and social system.
In pre-revolutionary Russia there was a state health organization. The opening of hospitals, dispensaries and other medical institutions was carried out by various agencies and organizations without the unified state plan and in quantities very inadequate for the needs of public health. Significant place in the medical care for the population (especially urban) held privately practicing doctors.
For the first time tasks in the field of workers ' health have been developed Century I. Lenin. The Party's Program written in C. I. Lenin and II adopted by the Party Congress in 1903, demanded the eight-hour working day, to a total ban on child labour, the prohibition of employment of women in hazardous industries, organizations, companies of the nursery for children, free medical assistance to the workers at the expense of entrepreneurs, state insurance of workers and the establishment of adequate sanitary regime in enterprises.
After the great October socialist revolution in the Program of the Party, adopted at the VIII Congress in 1919, there were determined the main tasks of the Party and Soviet power in the area of health protection of the people. In accordance with the Program developed the theoretical and organizational fundamentals of the Soviet health care.
The main principles of the Soviet health services were: state character and routine preventive services, accessibility, price and high quality medical care, the unity of medical science and practice of health, public participation and the broad working masses in activity of bodies and establishments of public health.
On the initiative of the Century I. Lenin VIII Congress Party ruled decisively to hold workers ' activities such as rehabilitation of settlements, catering on scientific and hygienic basis, prevention of infectious diseases, the creation of sanitary legislation, organized struggle against tuberculosis, venereal diseases, alcoholism and other social diseases, promote public access to qualified medical assistance and treatment.
24/1 1918 Century I. Lenin signed a decree on the formation of the Council of medical colleges, and 11/VII 1918 the decree on the establishment of the people's Commissariat of health.
Lenin decrees on land, on the nationalization of major industries, the eight-hour working day has created political, economic and socio-hygienic conditions for improvement of material well-being of workers and peasants, and thus to strengthen their health, to improve conditions of work and life. Decrees on health insurance, on the nationalization of pharmacies, the Board of medical boards, the creation of the people's Commissariat of health, and many others have raised health concerns to the level of national, nationwide tasks. C. I. Lenin signed over 100 decrees on health organization. They contain guidance on all key sections of workers ' health. They reflect the policies of the Communist party and the Soviet power in the resolution of major public health problem.