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Health care in the USSR

In addition to the funds allocated for healthcare from the state budget of the USSR, for the same purpose were allocated significant funds some state, cooperative enterprises and trade Union organizations and collective farms.
The health authorities of the USSR was part of the Soviet state apparatus. The Central body of state management of health is the Ministry of health of the USSR. In each Union Republic had the Ministry of health, which was administratively subordinated to the Council of Ministers of the Republic, and in special - Ministry of health of the USSR, orders and instructions which operated on the territory of the entire country. This ensured the unity of the network development of health care and of medical aid to the population. However the presence of the Ministry of health in each country is allowed to take into account local peculiarities and conditions. Guide health were provided by the ministries of health of the Autonomous republics, regional, regional, city and district health departments, and in rural areas - Central district hospitals.
The availability of medical institutions in the framework of some other ministries (e.g. Ministry of communications of the USSR) did not exclude the principle of unity of planning and in carrying out of medical-preventive and sanitary-epidemic measures, as control over the work in this area was conducted by the Ministry of health of the USSR.
Medical care in the USSR was free. This made it accessible to the whole population of the country.
During the years of Soviet power has been significantly developed network of medical institutions for adults and children, sanitary-epidemiological institutions of higher and secondary educational institutions for training of medical and paramedical personnel, research institutions, health resorts, sanatoriums and rest homes, pharmacies and etc.
The development of a network of medical facilities and provision of doctors, nurses and other medical staff, equipment advanced medical technology and equipment allowed the population to receive qualified medical assistance in any region of the country and created the conditions for the solution of new tasks set before the Soviet health Communist party and the Soviet government.
The most urgent tasks of the Soviet health care was to increase the quality of medical care through the development of specialization and improvement of culture of work of medical institutions, wide use in practice the achievements of medical science and technology. Ways of solving these tasks defined in the decree of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated June 26, 1968, and the resolution of the CPSU Central Committee and USSR Council of Ministers dated 5 July 1968 "on measures for further improving the health and development of medical science in the country." The resolution provided a significant improvement of specialized care to the population through the construction of a large number of major hospitals, the best equipment and a significant increase standards of the contents of patients.
Implementation of tasks on further improving the health and development of medical science undoubtedly contributed to the "Fundamentals of the legislation of the USSR and Union republics", adopted in December 1969 session of the Supreme Soviet of the VII convocation. The Law indicates that in the USSR the population is public, free and qualified medical assistance, a wide system of socio-economic and medical measures that help to increase the level of health protection of the population. The law establishes that health is a duty of all state bodies and public organizations and requires citizens to take good care of their health and health of other members of society.