Bile acid

Bile acid - steroid acid included in the composition of bile. In the body are formed mainly in the decay of cholesterol (see). In human bile are found mostly Holevo and desoxycholate (small amount) acid. Bile acids are dramatically increasing the emulsification of fats in the intestinal juice, activate pancreatic and gastrointestinal lipase (and therefore increases the breakdown of fats in the intestine), increase the rate of absorption is difficult soluble calcium salts of fatty acids, significantly increase peristalsis. The reduction of the amount of bile acids in the bile causes the precipitation of cholesterol and other substances that may lead to the formation of gallstones.