Yellow fever

Yellow fever is an acute infectious disease characterized by the liver, kidney and hemorrhagic phenomena. Pathogen - filterable virus belonging to a group arboviruses, transmitted by mosquito bite. The source of infection is a sick man and a monkey.
In the USSR yellow fever were not recorded, although the mosquito Aedes aegypti, which is the carrier, were found on the black sea coast of Caucasus. Natural foci of Central and South America, Africa.
The incubation period when yellow fever 3-6 days. The disease begins suddenly - high temperature to 40-41°, pain in the nape of the neck, the back muscles; marked nausea, vomiting, headache; liver and spleen enlarged, develops jaundice, there bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract. Often comes hepatic or uremic coma. Specific treatment is not.
Prevention: mosquito control (the elimination of small reservoirs, the use of DDT), vaccination.