Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Chronic infection in athletes

The presence of chronic infection, first of all the most common: chronic tonsillitis, carious teeth and chronic cholecystitis,- does not allow to consider a person's perfectly healthy to their rehabilitation. This is explained by the following. The value of chronic infection as a source of intoxication and sensitization of the body is now well known. Chronic infections can, among mindalin, teeth and gallbladder, to appear in almost all organs, where there are favorable conditions for the existence of an infectious agent in the ear (otitis), the frontal and maxillary cavities (sinusitis and sinusitis), bronchi (bronchitis), in the uterus (salpingo-oophoritis), and so on, all these chronic infections and from time to time myself did not subjectively manifesting, unfortunately underestimated not only by sports doctors, but also by General practitioners. They sometimes simply not considered a disease, because, at first glance, it seems unlikely that they have not shown that seemingly small inflammation can be a cause various, sometimes very serious diseases.
However, the value of chronic infection (the term proposed Billing) as the source of intoxication is beyond doubt, and when you consider that according to the statistics 3-4 % of the Soviet population suffer from chronic tonsillitis, the value of this problem is difficult to overestimate.
Localized in a certain place, chronic infections are not indifferent to the whole body, which is forced to neutralize the outgoing of them intoxication, using its security forces. Until he succeeds, intoxication does not show itself. When under the influence of those or other adverse effects of the body's defenses are weakened, such as fatigue, cooling, malnutrition, severe illness, and so on, the negative impact of chronic infection manifests itself in a variety of complications.
There is a large literature, both domestic and foreign, relating to changes in various organs and systems, which are the complications of chronic infection foci. Describes dozens of diseases (their number is 80)associated with chronic infections.
Of the diseases of cardiovascular system the most important are the so-called tonzillacktomii syndrome, changes in the myocardium of inflammatory and dystrophic, various violations of heart rhythm, reflex angina, changes in blood pressure in the big and small circles of blood circulation, etc.,
Recently appeared quite convincing studies showing that, in addition to consilierilor syndrome, there is hepatomegaly or holetsistokinina syndrome when pathological changes of cardiovascular system arise under the influence of chronic cholecystitis.
In the literature there are indications on the causal link with chronic infections such diseases as multiple bronchiectasis, lung abscess, acute pancreatitis, kidney and urinary tract diseases, appendicitis, ulcers, bronchial asthma, phlebitis and other
For sports medicine particular importance is the fact that the centers of a chronic infection is not manifesting itself at rest and during regular physical activity has an adverse effect on the organism in the intensive physical work. What is happening with these loads increased blood circulation helps to wash away the infection in the blood, and then affects the most intensively working organs, especially the heart.
It is appropriate to recall, in what ways is the pathological effects of chronic infectious focus on the whole body. Such ways - four.
Reflex path is that pulses with extero - and interoreceptors tonsils create in the relevant field of CNS lesion congestive excitation is dominant. Consequently violated efferent impulses and there are pathological functional changes in different systems and organs.
The second way is toksemicheskim. In this case of chronic infection occurs absorption of toxic substances, not only bacterial toxins, but also products of protein tissue disintegration of the tonsils, leukocytes, etc. is Created toxemia, adversely affects the internal organs.
There is a third - bacterial - path effects of chronic infection on the body, when the breakthrough infection in the blood and are, according to the figurative expression E. M. Tareeva, "bacterial showers", there is "bacterial collapse". Primarily affects the heart and joints as organs to which the bacteria and their toxins have some tropism. The possibility of bacterial collapse, even with the usual load resulting in death, is illustrated by the following examples.